Leather that lasts a lifetime
Full-grain Vegetable Tanned Cowhide
We thought you might like to see our leather up-close.
You can see the grain structure, the pull-up and the patina. The deep embossed DaVarg makers seal shows depth of the grain layer. This is the type of leather that will mature gracefully and last a lifetime.
Full-grain Leather Anatomy
Dual grain-corium layer

Full grain Leather has two distinct layers. The top grain layer is the tightly woven structure of fine grain fibers in random orientation. The elegance and character of DaVarg leather comes from this grain structure witch mature gracefully with age.

Under the grain is the corium layer. This less denser corium is pliable and provides a flexible base for the grain layer. The relatively open and interwoven structure of corium also allows the leather to "breathe" and retain oils and moisture making leather durable.
Vegetable Tanning of Full-grain Leather
Traditional process for traditional leather
Vegetable tanning used to be a traditional trade that tanneries have handed down over generations. The transformation from raw hide into leather is a process that happens slowly over several weeks in wooden drums, with tannins derived from trees and plants - hence the term vegetable tanning.

Vegetable tanning uses natural tree tannins to transform raw hide into full-grain leather. These tannins convert the collagen proteins in the rawhide and bind them, making them strong and more resistant to bacterial activity.
Over time the fibers gain strength and become flexible. The quality of raw hide and natural tannins, along with slow processing are the key factors in vegetable tanning.

Among the various tanning methods, vegetable tanning is the most classical, traditional, recognizable, and the only method able to give leather its unique characteristics. With the emergence of chrome and aniline tanning for processed mass market and less expensive leather, vegetable tanning has become a specialized art, undertaken only by a few select tanneries.
Transformation into DaVarg Leather
Grading. Back-coating. Branding
The leather right after vegetable tanning is already beautiful, but not quite ready for DaVarg articles. The leather has to undergo another set of processing before we can start working on them.

Grading: The vegetable tanned leather comes in different quality levels. The tanneries grade them based on factors such as grain quality, corium thickness, and hide size. Only the highest leather grade with no branding or large marks are selected for DaVarg leather.

Shading:Vegetable tanned cow hide has a creamy, pale shade and can attract dirt and stains. To prevent any unwanted staining and to further add character, we tint the grain side with deeply penetrating dyes of various custom shades.

Back Coating:In most leathers, the corium or back side of leather is often unfinished- this causes the corium side to attract moisture, get stained, and have its fibers quickly come loose. We find this undesirable in our articles, and so the back side of Davarg leather is also coated with a specially formulated layer that bonds the corium fibers together.

Branding:Once the leather is back-coated, the leather is branded with our inner wave pattern and stamp with the DaVarg maker's seal. The wave pattern proves the continuity in leather. The Maker's Seal is then applied as a stamp of approval.

Learn more about Five DaVarg Shades >
Caring for Full-grain Leather
EEEVS' LeatherCare
Full-grain leather is similar to human skin in many ways. It is designed to absorb and retain oils through its open epidermal structure. Without this necessary moisture, leather can dry out and crack. To protect as well as to enhance its elegance and character, leather needs to be properly conditioned. Proper conditioning also will allow the leather to retain natural oil and repel moisture.

Just as our own skin needs some care and protection, DaVarg Leather also requires care to maintain its beauty and durability. The simple caring steps also ensure that DaVarg leather will retain its beauty and character over generations.

EEVEs’ Leather Care products are made from natural ingredients, with a formulation that was originally developed as a moisturizing cream.

Buy EEVES' LeatherCare »
Know your leather
Keep away from fake leather
Most mass-produced leather are actually not full-grain leather, and some are not even made from animal hide. Unknowingly or not, we acquire them without fully realizing what they are made of and realize that they don't hold up to our expectations.

To complicate matters further, leather that is processed out of splits or other manmade materials are known by confusing names such as split leather, corrected leather, embossed leather, coated leather, Suede, Napa leather, painted or patent leather, bonded leather, or reconstituted leather.
Since there are no strict industry regulations to define what exactly constitutes leather, a great many items are created with these artificial materials, and can still claim to be made of leather.

If you are unsure of the origin of the 'leather', do your research and proceed with caution. If not 100% sure that it is full-grain leather, chances are that it is one of the inferior artificial leathers.

Spotting artificial leather
We are not rich enough to buy cheap leather
In most cases a full-grain leather article will stand out and one does not need a whole lot of guidance to distinguish it. The look, the patina, the feel and the smell of such leather is very difficult to miss - you will start recognizing them, and would distinguish them from the low quality imitations.

However with the multitude of artificial leather products and articles out there, it is still easy to spot leathers that are not full-grain leather. Some of the obvious aspects of artificial leather are:
  • Scent of the leather: Vegetable tanned leather has a clean, woody aroma. If the leather smells like acetone or other chemicals it might be analine or bonded leather.
  • Monotonous patterns: Monotonous, repetitive grain patterns are a result of embossing with a synthetic layer over a fabric layer. Genuine full grain leather does not come with patterns. In genuine leather, the wrinkles, folds and patterns are developed as the articles see some usage.
  • Black coated leather:Black pigments on synthetic layers hide the imperfections and gives a leather-like appearance on substandard splits with embossing.
  • Glossy and uniform:Artificial leather is often mass-produced with a regular and uniform texture. This is evident in most upholstery leather where the color is even and grain patterns are well defined and consistent. On the other hand, genuine leather is seldom uniform. An animal's scratches, scars, insect bites, and natural stretch marks are all present on full-grain leather.
  • Embossing and prints:Fake embossing and prints such as crocodile or ostrich skin patterns are common in cheaper imitation leather.

  • Thin cross section: Since top grain is not structurally strong by itself, it needs an underlayment of naturally woven corium underneath it to provide necessary structural strength. Thin top grain without corium will disintegrate quickly. So if the leather is thin (less than 1mm) it is most probably has no corium but could be bonded leather with a manmade substrate, such as fabric.
  • Lack of pull up: “Pull up” on genuine leather is seen as a color variation when the leather is bent or folded. As the grain and corium expands, the moisture in leather redistributes and imparts a lighter shade on the folds. You will notice the pull up effect on the corners and folded areas in a DaVarg article. If the leather does not show any pull up effect, there is a good chance that it is not full-grain leather.
  • Non- porous grain: Painted leathers does not absorb conditioners such as EEVEs' Leather Balm since the grain or corium layers are coated with synthetic material. If the leather surface does not effectively absorb EEVEs' leather balm, it is highly likely that it is painted or a synthetically coated leather.